Receiving gloves give football receivers an edge when it comes to catching the ball. The gloves aren’t magic, so they won’t help you much if you’re not already well-versed in the receiver’s role. However, technology continues to improve the gloves to give them better grip while allowing for a natural feel when a receiver catches the football.
The main benefit receiving gloves offer is a better grip when you’re trying to make the catch. The gripping surface varies; some have small, rubberized bumps, while others have silicone patches on the palm. Others include chemical substances that make the glove palms tacky, which helps make those amazing one-arm catches possible. Many of the gloves are thin, at least on the palm, so you can feel the ball and know where to grip it while the glove provides traction to keep you from dropping the ball.
When your hands and the ball get slick in wet and snowy weather, receiving gloves help give you traction on the ball to keep it in your hands. Even those chemically treated to feel slightly sticky maintain their tackiness in wet and cold weather. Typical thin receiver gloves don’t offer much protection from the cold, but thicker varieties exist to help keep your hands warm in addition to improving your grip. The downside is that you won’t have the same feel on the ball when it comes your way.
As the receiver, you’re in charge of making the money catches. This can happen only if your hands are injury-free. The padded backs of most receiver gloves help keep your hands and fingers safe when you jam your hands against an opponent’s pads or when someone steps on your hands. They can’t prevent all injuries, but they help reduce the chance of injury.
Receivers aren’t the only players who benefit from gloves. The gloves improve your grip, and not just on the football. Any player who needs to hold onto something, such as an offensive lineman keeping a defensive tackle at bay, can benefit from the textured or tacky surfaces of football gloves. These players often opt for thicker gloves to help reduce finger and hand injuries often caused with close contact.
The many benefits of walking include improved heart and lung function, along with an increased ability to burn excess weight and body fat. When compared to running, walking on a flat terrain is a lower intensity activity. Unlike running, walking places a lower level of strain on your lower body joints.
The movement of walking utilizes many muscle groups. As your leg extends forward, your quadriceps, which are the front of your thighs, contract to extend, or straighten your leg at the knee joint. After the front leg lands, your buttocks contract in your front leg while the back leg is brought forward. Your calves contract every time you lift your heel off of the ground or surface. When walking uphill, your hip flexors work harder to lift your knees higher to walk on an incline. There is an increased resistance on your buttocks to bend and extend your legs to lift your body higher. When walking on a flat terrain, your body is perpendicular to the surface. When walking on an incline, your abdomen must contract to keep your body upright to avoid arching your back so that your body is not perpendicular to the inclined surface.
Walking is a low impact activity because your body is never airborne. The lower body joints, including the hips, knees and ankles do not have to absorb an increased force as your foot lands. This poses less of a risk for lower body injuries that occur from the stresses of running. However, you should gradually increase your incline and duration of walking, as additional stress is placed on the calves, Achilles tendon and shins.
According to Running Competitor Network, uphill walking uses the same motor patterns as running. This places an intensity on the cardiovascular system that is almost equivalent to running and higher than walking on a flat terrain. Increased intensities will lead to improved heart and lung functioning with a decreased risk of developing heart disease. The advantages of incline walking outdoors may differ from a treadmill because of the varied terrain.
As a weight bearing activity, your body burns calories in proportion to your body weight. A 130-lb. individual burns 224 calories per hour walking briskly on a flat surface at 3.5 miles per hour. A 205-lb. person burns 354 calories per hour. The same 130-lb. individual burns 354 calories per hour walking 15 degrees uphill at the same speed, because of the increased intensity. A 205-lb. person burns 558 calories per hour walking uphill at a 15 degree angle. When walking uphill on a treadmill, avoid supporting your body weight with your arms, as this can counteract the advantage of incline. The American Council on Exercise states that uphill walking is one of the best activities for burning fat and shaping muscles.
Some NCAA Division I schools specialize in football. Others are best known for basketball. Maintaining success in both sports is a challenge, but a few schools have been up to the task. According to the 2013 NCAA record book, 10 elite schools have won NCAA titles in both Division I basketball and in football¡¯s top division, currently known as the Football Bowl Subdivision. Prior to 1998, a variety of organizations selected national football champions, resulting in shared titles in many of those years.
Three schools that currently play in the Big Ten conference have won national championships in both football and basketball. The University of Michigan won or shared nine NCAA football titles between 1901 and 1997. The latter team was led by Charles Woodson, the only primarily defensive player to win the Heisman Trophy. Michigan won the basketball championship under unusual circumstances in 1989. At the end of the regular season, head coach Bill Frieder announced he would leave for Arizona State the following season. He was then replaced by assistant coach Steve Fisher, who guided the Wolverines to the title. Ohio State has won or shared seven football titles, most recently winning the 2002 BCS title game 31-24 against Miami in double overtime to complete a 14-0 season. The Buckeyes won the NCAA basketball tournament in 1960. Michigan State won the football title by itself in 1952 and shared honors in 1965 and 1966. The 1966 team ended its season with a de facto championship game against Notre Dame, which ended in a 10-10 tie when the Irish chose to run out the clock after gaining possession on their 30-yard line with 1:10 remaining. Led by Magic Johnson, Michigan State won the 1979 NCAA basketball tournament. It earned its second basketball title in 2000.
Three current members of the Pac-12 conference have earned dual titles, beginning with Stanford. The Cardinal tied Alabama 7-7 in the Rose Bowl game following the 1926 season and the teams shared the national title. Stanford then won the NCAA basketball title in 1942. The University of California won or shared three consecutive football championships, from 1920 to 22, plus the 1959 basketball championship. UCLA shared the 1954 football title with Ohio State, but it is best known for winning 11 NCAA basketball titles. The Bruins won 10 championships in 12 seasons under coach John Wooden from 1964 through 1975, then won again in 1995. Four of Wooden¡¯s teams went undefeated. His Bruins featured stars such as Gail Goodrich, Lew Alcindor — later known as Kareem Abdul-Jabbar — and Bill Walton.
The SEC has dominated college football in the 21st century, but two of the conference¡¯s schools have added basketball titles to their football championships. Arkansas shared the 1964 football national title with another SEC school, Alabama, plus Notre Dame. The Razorbacks also won the 1994 NCAA championship game — with President Bill Clinton, the former Arkansas governor, in attendance. Florida has three undisputed football titles, including BCS championship game victories in 2006 and 2008. Tim Tebow, the 2007 Heisman Trophy winner, contributed to the 2006 victory and was the offensive most valuable player of the 2008 title game. The Gators also earned consecutive basketball championships in 2006 and 2007. In 2006, Florida became the first school to win the NCAA football and basketball championships in the same season.
ACC schools Maryland and Syracuse have each earned one NCAA football and basketball championship. Maryland, which moves to the Big Ten in the fall of 2014, won the football title in 1953 and the basketball crown in 2002. Syracuse earned its football title in 1959, then won the NCAA basketball tournament in 2003 with a young team led by freshman Carmelo Anthony.
Although hockey features rules concerning the length of each game, certain things can happen that will extend the game significantly. Overtime, injuries and the fact that the clock stops on every whistle cause games to last much longer than their 60-minute time limits. The NHL has rules that limit these stoppages, however, ensuring that most games finish within a desirable period of time.
Each NHL game features 60 minutes of playing time, broken down into three 20-minute periods. The league also mandates a 17-minute intermission after the first and second periods to flood and ice and provide the players with a rest period. Arenas must have a score clock to keep spectators and players informed about these time frames.
The NHL attempts to keep games to a reasonable length, as most fans do not want to sit in the stands for an excessive period. During the 2003-2004 season, the average NHL game lasted two hours and 19 minutes, which remains significantly lower than the two hours and 36 minutes that NHL games averaged in 1986-1987.
If a game has a tied score at the end of the 60 minutes of standard playing time, the teams will play an additional overtime period of five minutes. If neither team scores during this additional time, the teams will take part in a three-player shootout. No time limits exist during the shootout, as it will continue until one team wins. The longest shootout in NHL history occurred in 2005 when the Washington Capitals and the New York Rangers took 15 rounds to decide a winner.
Television commercial breaks remain a part of every NHL game, although they do feature regulations. The National Hockey League Commercial Coordinator handles all of these commercial breaks and fits them into the game when needed. No commercial breaks can occur after a goal or after an icing infraction.
During the playoffs, games can expand considerably because they do not settle these games with a shootout. Overtime in the Stanley Cup Playoffs uses 20-minute periods, ending when one team scores a goal. Each intermission during the playoffs lasts an additional 15 minutes. The longest overtime in NHL history occurred in 1936 when the Detroit Red Wings defeated the Montreal Maroons 1-0 after 116 minutes and 30 seconds of overtime.