A healthy, balanced diet is essential if you want to make it as a successful pro wrestler. Almost all pro wrestlers have muscular bodies that appear ripped. To achieve this, you need to combine exercise and intensive training with a diet that is low in fat and high in protein. Pro wrestling is a demanding sport, and to compete you need power, agility, strength, stamina and a nutritional diet.
The idea behind a pro wrestling diet is to burn off excess fat and maximize muscle mass. To do this, you need to maintain a healthy, balanced diet. Aim to eat foods high in protein and low in fat, such as turkey, fish, skinless boneless chicken, egg whites and flank steak. Protein builds up your muscles and repairs them after training. You need fat in your diet, but avoid saturated fat. Fats found in olive oil, nuts, oily fish and avocados increase the size of vascular muscles. Yams, whole grains, brown bread, rice and pasta are good carbohydrates, which give you the energy to train for pro wrestling. Drink plenty of water to keep your muscles hydrated and eat lots of fruit and vegetables.
Diet is just as important as training for a pro wrestler. According to former Olympic gold medalist and WWE World Heavyweight Champion Kurt Angle, you need to stick to a strict diet if you want to achieve the type of brawny, toned body you need to be a pro wrestler. If you do not eat well, you will never muster the required energy levels. Angle eats 300 to 400 grams of protein, 150 to 200 grams of carbohydrates and roughly 55 grams of fat per day, and this keeps him looking good and energized.
Instead of eating three square meals per day, aim to eat around seven, smaller meals, the first at 7.30 a.m. and at 2 hour intervals thereafter. This speeds up your metabolism and you lose fat quicker. If you combine a healthy diet with training, you should notice a difference after a few weeks. If you keep it up for four to six months, you should see big changes.
If you maintain a healthy, balanced pro wrestling diet, the benefits are endless. Not only will you look good enough to compete with the best, you will feel healthy and revitalized. It benefits your skin, your breathing and the flow of blood through your body. It combats such diseases as diabetes, stroke, various cancers and heart disease. A balanced diet stimulates growth and development and maintains cells, tissues and organs, explains Linda Loma University, and this is what you get in a pro wrestling diet.
A pro wrestling diet will fail if you eat too much junk. Seriously cut back on foods high in saturated fat. It can be a challenge to get enough protein to make a pro wrestling diet work, so many pros drink protein shakes. There are many different kinds, and you should consult your doctor before use. Achieving the type of body you see in pro wrestling is hard work, and it can be tempting to cheat by taking steroids, but this is never recommended. Steroid use is linked to several deaths among pro wrestlers, and the side effects can be harmful if not fatal.
If you have kids, you may be wondering what is the best way to channel their seemingly boundless energy. While traditional team sports are a good way to get your kids physically active, they may not be right for younger children. Dance classes are a great alternative to team sports, and most studios offer lessons for children as young as two or three. Participating in dance classes can be beneficial for kids of all ages.
Dancing is a highly physical activity, and kids who take dance lessons regularly should expect to see a significant improvement in their overall physical health. According to Pro Dance Center, regular dance practice can increase your child’s flexibility, range of motion, physical strength and stamina. The repetitive movements involved in dance can improve muscle tone, correct poor posture, increase balance and coordination and improve overall cardiovascular health. Dancing is an aerobic form of exercise. For children who are overweight, it can potentially help them to lose weight and improve their eating habits.
In addition to being a physical activity, dancing is also a highly social activity. According to “FamilyTalk Magazine,” dance lessons can help children improve their social and communication skills, learn how to work as part of a team, develop a greater sense of trust and cooperation and make new friends. If your child is shy, enrolling her in dance can encourage her to reach out to other children her age and help to reduce her anxiety about new people or places. Dance can also help to alleviate fears related to performing in front of an audience.
Becoming a skilled dancer requires practice, discipline and focus, skills that can be useful in other areas of your child’s life. According to “FamilyTalk Magazine,” dance lessons can help to spark creativity in young children and help them to develop an appreciation for the arts. Students who regularly participate in dance lessons typically tend to perform better academically than their nonparticipating peers. “FamilyTalk Magazine” estimates that students who have a background in dance tend to achieve significantly higher SAT scores and do better in math and science competitions.
As children adjust to the movements and postures required in dance, they begin to get a better sense of their bodies. As they become more comfortable in their own skin, their confidence and self-esteem also improve. According to EduDance, dance lessons can encourage children to foster a more positive attitude and explore their own self-expression. This can be particularly beneficial for children who are physically or mentally impaired or those who are attempting to deal with significant emotional problems.
It’s little wonder that your feet begin to sweat and smell when they spend all day constricted by tight shoes. Feet crave fresh air and most shoes don’t give them that luxury. You can’t always walk around barefoot to ward off sweat, but you can treat your feet right whether they’re in or out of shoes. By keeping your feet and shoes clean, you’ll help to nix sweaty soles and say goodbye to embarrassing foot odor.
Wear a clean pair of cotton socks to prevent most sweating when you wear shoes. Do not wear the same pair of socks more than once. If you have foot odor, consider wearing antibacterial socks.
Change the shoes you wear every day. This gives your shoes a chance to dry out.
Scrub between your toes and wash the tops and soles of your feet with warm water and antibacterial soap every day. Pat your feet dry with a towel before putting on socks or shoes.
Fill a bowl with warm water, then add a few packets of black tea. Give the tea a few minutes to steep, then soak your feet in the mixture for up to 30 minutes. The tannic acid in the tea may help stop feet from sweating.
Wear open-toed shoes or sandals to allow air to reach your feet. If your feet aren’t confined, they won’t sweat as much. Canvas and leather shoes also let your feet breathe.
Clean your shoes by hand every few weeks, if possible. Wash sneakers of canvas shoes in hot water with a capful of laundry detergent and color-safe bleach. Don’t immerse leather or suede shoes in water. Instead, wipe them clean with a damp washcloth and mild soap.
Apply a spray-on antiperspirant to the soles of your feet. Antiperspirant is designed for your underarms, but it works just as well on feet to stop sweating and odor.
Put foot powder in your shoes before wearing them. Foot powders contain baking soda and talcum powder to help ward off sweat and odor.
Insert cedar trees into your shoes when you’re not wearing them. The cedar absorbs wetness and makes shoes smell nicer. Crumpled-up newspaper absorbs moisture, too, if you don’t own a cedar tree.
Weight training is not only safe, it¡¯s also beneficial for teen boys. Despite concern that lifting weights can stunt a young man’s growth, teens who participate in strength training see improvements in strength and endurance, bone strengthening and a better chance of maintaining a healthy body composition. Guys who lift weights also see a decreased risk of sports-related injuries to their musculoskeletal system and an improvement in physical performance. Because boys are growing significantly in their teens, address a few weight-lifting caveats before hitting the gym.
Although teen boys may be excited to hit the weights, they should begin by mastering body-weight exercises. Injuries occur to teens when weight lifting using incorrect technique or attempting to lift weights that are too heavy. Begin with body-weight exercises to improve coordination and allow the musculoskeletal system to adapt to the stress of lifting. A body-weight lifting plan that targets all the major muscle groups includes pushups, pullups, squats, lunges, calf raises, hip bridges and crunches. A safe workout volume to begin with includes completing one to two sets of 8 to 15 repetitions.
After a teen guy has been completed the body-weight section of the workout plan, he can start to kick up the intensity by lifting weights. Some equipment found in gyms and fitness facilities can be the wrong size for a teenage boy. The University of Rochester Medical Center recommends that when it comes time to incorporate additional resistance into their workouts, teenage boys should select free weight exercises. And, before moving to free weights, KidsHealth.org recommends that teen boys go through the movements with a trainer without any additional weight to ensure proper technique. A full-body free-weight workout plan includes chest press, bent-over row, shoulder press, biceps curls, triceps extensions, dumbbell squats, dumbbell lunges, calf raises with weights, deadlifts and crunches. Once the teen masters the exercises, they can increase the weight they’re using and do two to three sets of 10 reps.
The hormonal changes that occur as a teen boy reaches puberty make a significant impact on whether they can put on notable muscle mass. Testosterone is a hormone that promotes muscle building and masculine traits. Before puberty, male teens lack the necessary testosterone levels to put on real mass — they’ll gain strength, but their muscles won’t become larger or bulky. After reaching puberty, however, they can put on more bulk because of the natural increase of testosterone.
During a boy¡¯s teen years, their bones, joints, muscles and tendons are in the process of growing. As a result, they¡¯re more susceptible to injury. Although they may be interested in lifting a heavy amount of weight or to follow a body-building routine, don’t incorporate high intensity or high volume programs shouldn¡¯t the teen has surpassed puberty. Before puberty, teen guys lack the hormones needed for significant muscle-building. In addition, teen guys should avoid maximum-weight lifts, which involve trying to maximize how much weight can be lifted one time. During a lift, if it’s painful or uncomfortable for the teen, have him stop immediately. And, for teen guys eager to gain mass, patience is key. The use of anabolic steroids is linked to several significant health issues — wait for the testosterone to kick in to grow muscle mass naturally.
With 265 million active players, soccer is bound to have effects in societies at large. The game arouses passionate devotion in its fans and great riches for its players and team owners, with impacts that can uplift or disrupt lives and nations.
Modern soccer was born in England in 1863 when a group of players agreed on rules for a kicking game. The simplicity of soccer, with its 17 rules and need for only a ball and a patch of ground, allowed players of humble origin to play and excel at the game. Soccer became linked to Britain¡¯s class system, as the working class gravitated to ¡°football¡± while the upper classes preferred cricket and rugby. From the 1960s onward, hooligans fueled by heavy drinking and sometimes nationalism rampaged at and near soccer stadiums. Fans organized themselves into command-and-control structures called ¡°firms¡± attached to specific clubs to engage in ritual combat.
Soccer made its way across the English Channel to become wildly popular in Continental Europe. During the 1914 Christmas truce of World War I, German and British troops put down their weapons and played a soccer game. German and Dutch fans in the 1980s and 1990s also engaged in hooliganism, and in 1985 English clubs and fans began a five-year ban from continental play after a wall collapse during violent riots at a Brussels stadium killed 39 fans.
Mahatma Gandhi realized soccer¡¯s appeal to the disenfranchised. Before moving to India to lead its independence drive, in 1904 he established soccer clubs, each named the Passive Resisters Soccer Club, in Durban, Pretoria and Johannesburg. He is credited with involving non-whites in sporting activities, laying a foundation more than a century later for the 2010 World Cup, held in South Africa. As of 2010, an estimated 1,000 African soccer players make their living in European pro leagues. Along with Brazil¡¯s 5,000 pros in Europe, they provide a talent upgrade to clubs at all levels.
Soccer passions burn brightly in Latin America. Stadiums such as Mexico City¡¯s 105,000-capacity Azteca create a hostile environment for visiting teams trying to qualify for the World Cup. In 1969, Salvador and Honduras went to war for four days in the wake of a violent World Cup qualifying match. Colombia¡¯s national squad performed exceptionally well in the 1980s and early 1990s, with improvements funded by drug lords who created training camps and improved national soccer standards. Tragedy ensued with the slaying of Colombia phenomenon Andres Escobar after he accidentally committed an own goal in a 1994 World Cup match against the United States. The region also features success stories, such as Brazil¡¯s Ronaldinho, who earns $35 million a year and inspires millions of aspiring players in his home country.
Though soccer swiftly arrived in the United States right after its invention in England, the game remained in the shadows of baseball and basketball. In 1996, American women vastly increased appreciation for the sport with a gripping gold-medal performance at the Olympic games in Atlanta. Ranked No. 1 in the world as of 2010, the United States dominates women¡¯s soccer at the Olympic and international levels. Stars such as Mia Hamm, Michelle Akers, Julie Foudy and Abby Wambach strive to inspire young female athletes.
Every minute counts in a football game, so you need to prepare yourself to go full speed from the opening kickoff. Your team¡¯s organized pregame drills will cover some of your warm-up needs, but you¡¯re primarily responsible for items such as nutrition and mental preparation. A thorough pregame routine will ensure that your equipment, your body and your mind are all ready for action when your number is called.
Eat low-fat, high-carbohydrate meals on game day. Include some protein in each meal, such as eggs, lean meat or beans. Have a light meal about three hours before the game. You can also eat an energy snack, such as a protein bar, shortly before kickoff.
Drink plenty of water throughout the day, up to about one hour before kickoff. Afterward, drink modest amounts of water or energy drinks.
Arrive about two hours before the game, if you travel directly to the field. If you¡¯re traveling with your team, leave home early to make sure you arrive at the transportation hub on time. If you¡¯re delayed in traffic, you may literally miss the bus.
Examine your equipment when you arrive in the locker room so you have time to replace or repair anything that¡¯s damaged.
Visit the team trainer to receive any necessary treatment or preparation. For example, you may need a sore muscle massaged or your ankles taped.
Bring different shoes to the game that are appropriate for various field conditions. Longer cleats, for example, offer better traction if the field is wet. Take a light jog on the field before your team¡¯s organized warm-up, to loosen your muscles and to ensure that you¡¯re wearing the best cleats for the field conditions.
Perform dynamic stretches after you¡¯ve warmed up for at least five minutes. Stretch your shoulders, thigh and back by walking with high knees. Perform walking straight leg kicks for your thighs, calves and back. Do carioca runs for you hips and ankles. Stretch your arms, chest, back and shoulders with horizontal arm swings.
Do any personal rituals that help you relax and focus your mental energy on the game. This may include listening to music, praying or eating the same snack at the same time on each game day.
Think about the game you¡¯re about to play for at least a few minutes and visualize yourself succeeding. Run through specific plays in your mind and imagine yourself carrying out your assignment, such as making a pancake block if you¡¯re an offensive lineman or tackling a runner one-on-one if you¡¯re a linebacker.
Speak with a coach if you have any last-minute questions about the game plan.
Participate in your team¡¯s organized warm-up activities. Continue to visualize positive outcomes as you perform the exercises and drills.
To compete at the highest level on the football field, you don’t just need to be strong, fast and powerful — you’ve got to have top-notch cardiovascular fitness, too. But getting fitter for football isn’t just a case of running laps. This type of cardio won’t make you a better player. In fact, it could even decrease your performance levels, so learn how to do cardio correctly to enhance your performance on the football field.
Traditionally, many football coaches recommended steady state cardio as a method of conditioning. This inevitably involved jogging around the field, warming up with a team run or spending hours on the treadmill. But distance running places a lot of stress on your joints, notes strength coach Chad Wesley Smith of Juggernaut Training Systems. Additionally, it’s rare that you’ll ever have to jog long distance at a moderate pace during a game, so this form of cardio is ineffective and doesn’t develop the energy systems needed for optimal performance in football.
Fartlek is a Swedish word and translates as “speed play.” It is very similar to interval training, in that it combines high-intensity bursts of cardio with lower and moderate intensity aerobic work. This is extremely beneficial for football players, claims personal trainer Z Altug on the “STACK” magazine website. It mimics the varying intensities of game situations, reduces the risk of overuse injuries and prevents boredom. Altug recommends varying your sprints from anywhere between 10 and 60 seconds. The longer your sprint, the longer your walk or jog in between should be.
On average, each play in a game lasts around 5.5 seconds and they rarely go above 10 to 11 seconds, according to strength coach and NFL Combine trainer Joe DeFranco. This means in training, you should concentrate on developing two energy systems. Your adenosine triphosphate phosphocreatine system, or ATP-PC system for short, is dominant for between four and 10 seconds, while the anaerobic glycolysis system takes over between 11 and 20 seconds. To train both of these, DeFranco advises performing tire flips, tire pushes or resisted sprints for four to 10 seconds, then going straight into a sprint or shuttle run for up to 20 seconds.
When you’re serious about your football fitness, you need to hit the prowler. The prowler is a triangular frame made from iron that sits close to the ground, with vertical poles on each corner. You can put plates on these poles to increase the weight, then either push the prowler across the ground, or attach a harness to it and pull it along behind you while you sprint. Philadelphia-based football conditioning coach Steven Morris recommends making prowler drills part of your preseason cardio. Try pushing the prowler in a low position for 15 to 20 yards, then switching to a higher position for the same distance. Alternatively, attach a handle to the prowler and drag it backward for 10 yards, then let go and sprint back to the start.
Fast-pitch softball is the fifth most popular girls high school sport, according to the National Federation of State High School Associations. A total of 362,488 girls played high school softball in the 2012-13 school year. Fast-pitch softball is played in the spring and is basically the girls¡¯ alternative to baseball at the high school level. Each state can set its own rules, but most typically apply the standard NFHS rules.
The bases are 60 feet apart on a fast-pitch softball diamond. The distance from the rear tip of home plate to the front edge of the pitcher¡¯s rubber is 43 feet. The outfield fence typically ranges between 185 and 235 feet from home plate. Otherwise, there are no major differences between high school baseball and softball fields.
The biggest difference between baseball and softball is, of course, the larger ball used in softball. The high school fast-pitch softball is 12 inches in circumference and weighs between 6 1/4 and 7 ounces. Players typically use metal bats which must meet Amateur Softball Association of America standards. Each bat must include a knob at the end of the handle, a safety grip measuring 10 to 15 inches and a round, smooth barrel. Batters and runners must wear helmets at all times.
Unlike slow-pitch softball — which typically features 10 defensive players — fast-pitch teams use nine players in the field. Teams may use a designated player to bat for any specified player in the lineup. Any player may be removed from the game and then return once, provided she bats in the same position in the lineup throughout the game. A team may use a courtesy runner any time its pitcher or catcher reaches base. In such cases, neither the pitcher nor the catcher is considered to have left the game.
A standard high school softball game lasts seven innings. A game that ends early — because of poor weather, for example — will count if the losing team has batted at least five times. The NFHS does not enforce a mercy rule, but individual states typically call for a game to end early if one team builds a sufficiently large lead. In Alaska, for example, a game ends with a team leads by 15 runs after three innings, 12 runs after four innings or eight runs at the end of five innings.
As in standard baseball, batters draw walks by taking four balls and strike out on three strikes. Pitchers may intentionally walk a hitter by request, without throwing any pitches. A player with two strikes who bunts the ball foul has struck out. Unlike slow-pitch softball, runners may leave bases and attempt to steal when the pitcher releases the ball.
Pitching mechanics are more closely regulated in fast-pitch softball than standard baseball. As in baseball, the pitcher must begin with her pivot foot on the rubber. Additionally, the fast-pitcher hurler must stand with her shoulders square to the plate and her hands separated, then she must bring her hands together in front of her body before starting her windup. The ball must be thrown underhand, using no more than 1 1/2 revolutions of her arm. At the release point, a pitcher¡¯s hand must be lower than her hip and her wrist may not be farther from her body than is her elbow.
Arthritis is a condition that leads to pain, swelling and destruction of the joints. When it occurs in the knees, arthritis can make everyday activities like climbing stairs, kneeling and walking difficult. While anti-inflammatory medicines like naproxen and celecoxib (Celebrex) may be effective in reducing joint swelling, they can also cause side effects like gastric irritation and increased risk for internal bleeding. There are a variety of natural ways to reduce swelling in the knees caused by arthritis, many of which are as cheap and as effective as pharmaceutical treatments.
Heat and cold therapy are among the cheapest, quickest remedies for swelling and pain caused by knee arthritis. Heat therapy may include use of hot packs, paraffin wax, a heating pad or hot bath, while cold can be utilized by applying ice packs or submerging the legs in cold water. According to “Arthritis Today,” heat therapy is most effective for soothing tired muscles and alleviating stiffness in joints, while cold therapy can be used to reduce inflammation and swelling. Cold therapy is not recommended for people with circulatory disorders, as it constricts blood vessels and reduces the flow of blood to certain parts of the body.
While it may seem counterproductive, regular exercise is one of the most important components of an arthritis treatment plan. According to the Johns Hopkins Arthritis Center, physical activity reduces joint pain and swelling, strengthen surrounding muscles, replenish lubrication to joint cartilage and decrease bone loss. It is also necessary for weight management, healthy cardiovascular function and prevention of obesity-related conditions like diabetes and heart disease. Certain types of exercise may be safer and more beneficial for people with knee arthritis. Water aerobics, gentle stretching exercises like yoga and workouts that avoid repetitive use of the knees are most effective. Running, jogging and contact sports like football should be avoided, because they can cause further joint damage. Balance exercise with adequate rest, and avoid exercising during acute flare-ups.
Popular for its use in spicy Indian dishes like curry, turmeric is an excellent herbal remedy for swelling of the knees. It contains curcumin, which acts as an anti-inflammatory agent in the body. According to the University of Maryland Medical Center, turmeric helps treat the pain and swelling of osteoarthritis when used in combination with Boswellia, winter cherry extract and zinc. Its anti-inflammatory properties make it useful for other conditions that involve inflammation, such as uveitis (eye inflammation) and ulcerative colitis. The average dose of turmeric for treating swelling of the knees is 1 to 3 grams of dried root powder daily. Turmeric may be taken in capsule form, brewed into tea or added to foods for its anti-inflammatory effects. Like other anti-inflammatory agents, turmeric may thin the blood and increase the risk of bleeding.
Gender discrimination in the athletics industry has long been a controversial topic ¡ª?even the founder of the modern Olympics, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, said in 1896, ¡°No matter how toughened a sportswoman may be, her organism is not cut out to sustain certain shocks.¡± Since then, gender equality in sports has come a long way, including UNESCO recognizing sports and physical activity as a human right in 1978.
Statistics show that female sports do not carry the same weight as male sports. According to the Women¡¯s Sports Foundation, male athletes get $179 million more in athletic scholarships each year than females do. Additionally, collegiate institutions spend just 24 percent of their athletic operating budgets on female sports, as well as just 16 percent of recruiting budgets and 33 percent of scholarship budgets on female athletes.
Passed in 1972, Title IX was a landmark piece of legislations that banned sexual discrimination in all schools, including in athletics. It applies to all state and local agencies that receive education funds, which includes school districts, colleges, universities, libraries and museums. It focuses on giving women equal opportunities in the athletic arena to those of men. In terms of intercollegiate athletics, three categories are used in determining whether a school is complying with Title IX, according to the University of Iowa: athletic financial assistance, interest and abilities accommodations and other program areas. Compliance is determined on a program-wide basis, not by particular sports.
Research supports the notion that there is less value placed on women¡¯s sports. This leads to unequal wages and coverage when compared to men¡¯s sports. Although approximately 40 percent of sport and physical activity participants are women, only 6 to 8 percent of total media sports coverage is devoted to their athletics, according to the Women’s Sports Foundation. Additionally, in a study of four major newspapers–USA Today, the Boston Globe, the Orange County Register and the Dallas Morning news–women-only sports stories totaled just 3.5 percent of all sports stories. Women¡¯s sports also tend to be verbally and visually set apart, such as in the name of the Women¡¯s National Basketball Association (WNBA). In men¡¯s sports, gender is almost never mentioned.
Under the Office of Civil Rights, anyone–male or female–who believes he or she has been discriminated against based on gender at an institution that receives United States Department of Education funds can file a complaint under Title IX. The complaint must be filed within 180 days of the alleged discrimination, in the state in which it occurred. A complaint letter has to include who was discriminated against, by whom or which institution, how the complainant was discriminated against, when the discrimination took place and the complainant¡¯s contact information. Unless required to divulge information by law, the OCR will keep the complainant¡¯s identity confidential.
Multiple committees have been formed to improve gender equality in athletics. In 1995, the Beijing Platform for Action was adopted at the Fourth World Conference on Women, with the goal of providing policy recommendations on women, gender equality and sport. It called for accessible sports facilities at all educational institutions, establishment of gender-sensitive programs at educational, workplace and community institutions and equal opportunities for women to participate in athletics on the same basis as men. In stark contrast to the Olympics¡¯ founding father¡¯s remarks in 1896, the International Olympic Committee requested in 1994 that the Olympic Charter be amended to include a reference to progressing action on women and sports. The current charter, which was adopted in 2004, states that one of the committee¡¯s roles is to encourage and support the promotion of women in sport, as well as to give equal weight to men and women.